Energy Market Manuals
The manuals in the Energy Market section provide the rules, procedures, and requirements for PJM Market & System Operations, as well as, member companies who buy, sell, schedule and deliver electricity through the Energy & Reserve Markets within the PJM region.
Describes PJM & PJM Member pre-scheduling activities that set the stage for the scheduling and dispatching phases of the PJM Control Area Operation.
Provides information on the day ahead and hourly market activities that are performed by PJM and PJM Members and describes the rules and procedures for scheduling resources.
Describes how the PJM dispatchers manage capacity resources, monitor transmission facilities and provide ancillary services within the energy market.
Defines the standard methodologies that are recognized by PJM as appropriate for determining various cost components for use on those occasions and in those markets where product or services are required to be provided to PJM at cost-based rates, as referenced in Schedule 1, Section 6 of the Operating Agreement of PJM.
Regional Transmission Planning Process Manuals
PJM’s Regional Transmission Expansion Plan (RTEP) identifies transmission system upgrades and enhancements to preserve the reliability of the electricity grid, the foundation for thriving competitive wholesale energy markets.
Guides the generation and/or transmission developers through the planning processes to interconnect to and operate in PJM markets.
Describes PJM's open and participatory process for planning baseline expansion facilities.
Provides PJM process guidelines for the construction and integration of all RTEP projects, including generation and merchant transmission interconnections and Transmission Owner upgrades.
Focuses on generator responsibilities as signatories to the Operating Agreement of the PJM Interconnection and related market and operational requirements for connecting to the PJM system.
Provides the specific requirements for interconnecting Merchant Transmission Facilities, proposing capability increases to specific Transmission Owner Facilities and making Upgrade Requests to obtain Incremental Auction Revenue Rights (IARRs) under PJM’s Regional Transmission Expansion Planning Process. Additionally, it describes the various rights available and agreements required to complete the Transmission Interconnection or Upgrade planning process
The PJM Manual for the Competitive Planning Process is part of the PJM Manual 14 series that encompass the PJM transmission planning protocol. This manual focuses on the process to conduct competitive proposal windows consistent with Order No. 1000.
Guides a Generation Interconnection customer through their application, study and agreement process including specific requirements and rights as a generator participating in PJM markets.
The manuals in the transmission section provide resources, guidelines and requirements for Transmission Operations and member companies within the PJM region, as well as, provide coordination information for PJM neighbors.
Describes the requirements for control centers of signatories to PJM’s Operating Agreement including the telecommunication linkages to PJM, the recommended characteristics of control center computer systems and the facilities housing those systems. In addition, it summaries the computer services and systems at PJM’s Control Center and the standards for billing quality MWh meters and meter accuracy.
Addresses Transmission Customer requests for Transmission Service and provides a description of the calculations, assessment, and studies performed by PJM to assess a request for Transmission Service and to determine the adequacy of the PJM Control Area Transmission Service Facilities to accommodate the request.
Discusses transmission operating philosophies, operating limits, and outage scheduling within the PJM control area.
Describes the processes and procedures associated with updating and validating the PJM EMS model as well as the responsibilities and requirements for the various model data stakeholders.
Contains transmission operating procedures within the PJM control area. Manual 3B is CEII protected. View complete version of Manual 3B. - requires additional access.
Describes how Financial Transmission Rights (FTRs) are acquired from PJM and in the secondary market and how the value of FTRs is determined.
Provides the minimum design standards and requirements for bulk power facility protection systems within PJM.
Describes how PJM and the PJM Members are expected to respond to emergency conditions including but not limited to an abnormal electrical system condition requiring manual or automatic action, a fuel shortage, or a condition that requires implementation of emergency procedures.
Focuses on how PJM and the PJM Member Companies will respond to system disturbance conditions and/or system blackout situations.
Addresses PJM’s authority, responsibility and duties as Reliability Coordinator and how PJM Members are expected to respond. Specifically, it discusses the requirements to monitor facilities, how PJM defines and monitors System Operating Limits and the Interconnection Reliability Operating Limit, implementation of the Transmission Loading Relief procedures and PJM's coordination efforts with neighboring Reliability Coordinators.
Addresses the PJM processes of coordinating seasonal assessments, the reporting, analyzing and approving of generation and transmission outages as well as the coordination of the analysis results with PJM members and external Reliability Coordinators.
This manual has been retired. The contents of this document are now apart of the OASIS User Guide (PDF).
The manuals in the Reserve Market section provide the rules, procedures, and requirements for PJM Market Operations and Capacity Adequacy Planning, as well as, member companies who participate in the Capacity Market within the PJM region that operates to ensure the adequate availability of necessary resources that can be called upon to ensure the reliability of the grid.
Addresses the capacity markets, including the Reliability Pricing Model and the Fixed Resource Requirement Alternative. It includes the requirements for resources and Load Serving Entities (LSEs) to participate in these markets and their responsibilities as signatories to PJM’s Open Access Transmission Tariff, Reliability Assurance Agreement and Operating Agreement.
Addresses the measurement and verification of the Nominated Energy Efficiency Value of an Energy Efficiency (EE) Resource participating in the PJM Capacity Market. Additionally, it establishes the standards and criteria for M&V Plans, Post-Installation M&V Reports, and the M&V Audit.
Describes data input requirements, processing, computer programs and data reports as well as load data reporting requirements.
Describes the process and procedure for establishing the amount of generating capacity required to supply customer load with sufficient reserve for reliable service.
Provides uniformity for planning, operating, accounting and reporting purposes.
Describes the business practices for collecting information to develop Effective Load Carrying Capability (ELCC) Class Ratings and for calculating Accredited Unforced Capacity (UCAP) values based on ELCC Class Ratings.
Describes the roles and responsibilities in matters concerning the projection of generating unit unavailability rates, as required for PJM Reliability and Capacity Adequacy studies and for other data required for specific planning applications.
This manual has been retired for the implementation of Reliability Pricing Model.
This manual has been retired. The contents of this document are now apart of eGADs User Guide.
eFuel 2.0 - User Manual
This manual has been retired.
Accounting & Billing Manuals
These manuals describe each of the line items that our customers may see on their PJM monthly billing statements. They also contain detailed settlement calculations and formulas used to produce these billing line items.
Focuses on the accounting for transmission services within the PJM Open Access Tariff.
Addresses the accounting for energy within the PJM Energy Market and establishes the basis for charges and credits for the purchase and sale of energy and related services.
Describes the structure of the PJM billing statements as well as an overview of PJM’s billing and payment processes.
Addresses administrative items including the qualifications for new applicants, the membership application procedure, support provided by PJM and the Members Committee, as well as dispute resolution. It provides an explanation of the philosophy of the PJM Operating Agreement, the role of PJM, a description of PJM participants and their role in the Members Committee.
Provides guidance on the operation of the PJM stakeholder process in which the Members, PJM and other stakeholders use a consensus based issue resolution process to develop and implement enhancements and other changes to PJM’s market, operation and reliability rules.
Focuses on how PJM and the PJM Members are expected to coordinate operations with the Nuclear Plant Generator operator entities to ensure the Nuclear Plant Interface Requirements (NPIR) are addressed and implemented while maintaining Bulk Electric System reliability.
Addresses the PJM certification and training programs for Transmission and Generation operators including a description of training and certification requirements and the initial and ongoing training requirements. A description of training programs for PJM system operators is also included in M-40.
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Process for Adding, Deleting and Revising PJM Manuals
The process to amend the procedures and processes found within PJM Manuals (Manuals) is addressed through – PJM Manual 34: PJM Stakeholder Process Section 11.14. As noted in Section 11.14, “Operating Agreement section 10.4.iii states that PJM is ‘responsible to prepare, maintain, update and disseminate the PJM Manuals’. It has been PJM’s practice to bring revisions to the Manuals through the stakeholder process for endorsement of revisions, but PJM retains the right and responsibility to make changes to the Manuals as necessary, should stakeholder endorsement not be attainable. Manual revisions should be prepared along with the draft governing document revisions associated with the resolution for issues under consideration in the stakeholder process. The Markets and Reliability Committee provides final endorsement for all Manuals, with the exception of:
- Manual 15 – Cost Development – this Manual requires Members Committee endorsement and Board of Managers approval in accordance with Operating Agreement Schedule 2
- Manual 34 – PJM Stakeholder Process – this Manual is approved by the Members Committee”
The Manual amendment process is implemented within the PJM committee structure, where in these open meetings Manual changes are either proposed by PJM staff or by members. Such proposed Manual revisions are usually associated with issues being considered in the stakeholder process (however, standalone revisions may be proposed as well). If a member wants to propose a Manual amendment, the member representative is free to make such proposals yet needs to provide justification within the committee structure for why the change is needed.
The following are highlights of this open amendment process:
- Proposed Manual revisions are reviewed by the PJM Market Implementation Committee (MIC), the Planning Committee (PC) and/or the Operating Committee (OC) depending upon the content of the proposed revision.
- The PJM Markets and Reliability Committee (MRC) is charged with reviewing proposed changes to the PJM Manuals after they are reviewed by the MIC, PC or the OC. See PJM Committee Structure.
- The MRC, MIC, PC and OC meetings are open to all stakeholders (Manual 34 Sections 4.5 and 11.4).
- PJM is required to post on pjm.com a description of the action requested of the Members, with links to the full text of any material and all necessary supporting materials, at least three calendar days before MIC, PC and OC meetings (Manual 34 Section 10.4).
- Prior to all PJM Senior Committee meetings (which includes the MRC and Members Committee (MC)), PJM is required to post, at least seven calendar days before the meeting, a description of the action requested of the Members, with links to the full text of any material and all necessary supporting materials (Manual 34 Section 10.4).
- This posting process applies to Manual additions, deletions or revisions under consideration in MIC, PC, OC and MRC meetings.
Upon review within the committee structure, PJM implements the changes and posts the revised Manuals on pjm.com.